Steve Ditko's Role in the Creation of the 'Marvel Method'

When Joe Simon and Jack Kirby launched Captain America, they would collaborate on the comic together but it soon became so popular that they had other writers and artists working for them.

Then they left Timely Comics (now Marvel) and went to National Comics (now DC).

Once at National, the two mostly just worked with each other and it was here that they basically developed their own equivalent of the "Marvel Method." Kirby was so prolific that Simon would often script and ink Kirby's many stories while also writing and drawing his own stories, as well. The two men would plot together, but it was mostly Kirby who drove the plotting of the stories. For instance, if it was drawn by Jack Kirby, Kirby almost certainly plotted it, as well. If it was drawn by Simon, there was a good chance that Kirby ALSO had a role in plotting it. Simon wrote and drew, of course, but Kirby was so fast that it was just easier for Simon to script and ink Kirby's work to keep the pages flowing.

They eventually expanded and included other creators, but still, the main point is that Jack Kirby plotted pretty much everything he did from the time that he went to National Comics to when he was forced to go work for Atlas Comics in the 1950s after Kirby and Simon's partnership broke up in the wake of the huge comic book collapse in the years after the institution of the Comics Code.

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Therefore, when Stan Lee got Jack Kirby to work for him in the late 1950s, he was not about to start telling Jack Kirby, one of the biggest names in the entire comic book industry at the time, that he had to follow scripts from Atlas writers. Lee was thrilled to have Kirby working for him period (it is possible that Lee also began doing a similar thing with his previous star artist, Joe Maneely, who tragically passed away in 1958). The only reason he even got him was because Kirby had a falling out with Jack Schiff at National, or else Kirby clearly would have remained there. Plus, the downturn in the comic industry led to cutting back on the amount of writers at Atlas anyways, so Lee likely was thrilled with having someone who could draw a comic without a script to go by (I am sure that there were a few Kirby stories in the Atlas/Marvel anthologies that Kirby wrote by himself just flat out, but I bet he worked with Lee on plots on a lot of them).

Here's where Ditko comes in. It is one thing for Jack Kirby to work this way. Again, he was one of the biggest names in the industry and had been doing this sort of thing for nearly twenty years at this point in time. The guy was an institution.

However, Ditko was still relatively early in his career when he finally started working steadily for Marvel in 1959. Ditko has noted that he was never given a script in those days, but that he also did not script the books himself. We don't know for SURE who then came up with the plots for those stories, but it was most likely Stan Lee himself, who was very interested in Ditko's work (much more so than his non-Kirby artists of the era). Clearly, Ditko had shown from his earlier work in the 1950s that he was someone who could be trusted to lay out a story on his own. Here's one of his early stories upon his joining Marvel full-time in late 1958/early 1959...

So for a few years, Kirby and Ditko worked "Marvel Method" on all of their horror stuff for Marvel. Then Marvel slowly started doing superheroes again. And once again, Kirby and Ditko worked "Marvel Method" on these stories.

And, sure enough, the comics that they worked on with Stan Lee were also the best comics Marvel had at the time.

Thus, to Lee, they were proving the effectiveness of the "Marvel Method."

Lee had other writers working on the lesser superheroes like Ant-Man and Iron Man and Thor that were done by artists who did not work in the "Marvel Method," like Don Heck and Dick Ayers (plus the humor magazine artists, like Stan Goldberg), but then, around 1962/1963, Lee got rid of those writers and began writing all of those books himself, with those artists all moving over to the "Marvel Method" as well (which was a pretty crazy thing for all of them to get used to at once). It changed Marvel for decades.

Lee then wrote nearly all of Marvel's output in this format until he finally started laying some titles off to writers like Roy Thomas and Denny O'Neill in 1965 and 1966.

And much of it was owed to Steve Ditko proving that someone other than Jack Kirby could work this way.

Okay, I have, like, ONE more topic that I'm going to cover unless some of you have an idea for a Ditko retrospective that I haven't covered yet (feel free to hit me up at brianc@cbr.com if you do). At that point, I'll make a post containing links to all of these Ditko retrospectives. I have no idea what I will call that collected piece. "Steve Ditko: A CBR Retrospective," maybe?

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