Knowledge Waits: 14 Superheroes That Refused Membership in the Justice League

This is the latest in a feature where I just share some bit of comic book history that interests me. Here is a collection of all of the installments in the feature so far.

Today, as a companion piece to the similar piece I did on people who turned down membership in the Avengers, we take a look at fourteen superheroes who, at one point or another, refused membership in the Justice League.


NOTE: I don't mean longterm Justice League members who turned down membership temporarily at different points in their lives, like Batman quitting for one crisis or another or Green Arrow not joining back up at various times. I mean heroes who had never been members at the time they turned down the offer (many of them, of course, later joined). This includes heroes who were members Pre-Crisis but were not members Post-Crisis.

The first hero to turn the Justice League down was Metamorpho, who guest-starred in the aptly titled "Metamorpho Says - No!" by Gardner Fox, Mike Sekowsky and Bernard Sachs. The gist is that the League decides to ask Metamorpho to join, but a mysterious invisible being known as the Unimaginable decides HE should get the spot, so he tries to show his stuff...

At the end of the issue, once the Unimaginable was taken care of, Green Lantern's ring is unable to cure Metamorpho. He still turns them down, but he agrees to at least be a standby member.

The next time someone actually turned the League down was in Justice League of America #173 (by Gerry Conway, Dick Dillin and Frank McLaughlin), as Green Arrow has the League take a look at Black Lightning as a possible new member...

They then decided to kind of jerkishly TEST Black Lightning to see if he is worthy of being on the tam, by disguising themselves as villains...

They team up with Lightning the next issue, where he reiterates that he doesn't want to join a team (the League apologizes for the test incident).

In Justice League of America Annual #1 (by Paul Levitz, Len Wein, Rick Hoberg and Dick Giordano), the League invites the Jack Kirby Sandman to join, but he doesn't take them up on it...

At the end of the Legends mini-series (by John Ostrander, Len Wein, John Byrne and Karl Kesel), after the gathered heroes have saved the day, they decide to form a new Justice League, but Flash (Wally West), Superman and Changeling all turn down the team (I guess Wonder Woman sort of does, too, but since she doesn't actively say no, I'm not counting her)...

Go the next page for the rest of the heroes who turned the League down!

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