WARNING: The following article contains major spoilers for Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, in theaters June 22.
It's always fun to see the classic dinosaurs from the original Jurassic Park back in action, but after five films, they've gotten a little stale, especially when most of the time they're just seen wandering or posing for a great wildlife shot. Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (directed by J.A Bayona) changes that by finally introducing quite a few new creatures to the franchise, and not just man-made abominations like the Indominus Rex or Indoraptor.
They don't all play significant roles and some appear in just a couple of shots, but they're there, and they're all pretty exciting to see, especially for huge dinosaur geeks. Just in case you missed a few while dozens of creatures are stampeding across the screen, we've listed out all the dinosaurs, both old and new, that appear in the latest entry of the Jurassic Park franchise -- and there are a lot of them!
It's worth noting that almost none of the creatures you see in the films are accurate representations of their real-world counterparts. For example, many of them-- the therapods in particular-- are known to have possessed feathers in real life. The franchise addressed this several times, reminding audiences in Jurassic World (directed by Colin Trevorrow) that these creatures are the result of several different combinations of genetic material from dinosaurs and material from modern animals such as frogs and cuttlefish.
So Mosasaurus isn't technically a dinosaur -- it's a mosasaur. However, it's still worth mentioning since it's one of the more memorable creatures from Jurassic World. The creature returns for two scenes in Fallen Kingdom and in both of those scenes, it's equally as terrifying. The first time around, it devours the retrieval team sent into its enclosure to acquire genetic material from the skeleton of the Indominus. The second time, it's shown lurking in open waters, ready to devour unwary surfers.
Mosasaurus existed during the Late Cretaceous period approximately 70 million years ago. It grew to lengths of up to 55ft and is thought to have fed on everything from fish to smaller mosasaurs. Much like it does in the film, the Mosasaurus is thought to have fed on passing prey by leaping out of the water.
A classic in the franchise and the animal most people think of first when they hear the word "dinosaur." The Tyrannosaurus appears in the Fallen Kingdom a few times. In the opening scene, it makes itself known in true horror-film fashion by hunting from the shadows and consuming a technician and in the scenes that follow, she saves the day. Once by saving Owen from another carnivore and again by eating the film's antagonist (an unorthodox way of defeating a villain but effective).
T-Rex was a dinosaur that existed during the Late Cretaceous period between 68-66 million years ago. While it is believed to have fed on herbivorous dinosaurs, experts are currently debating whether or not it was an apex predator or a simple scavenger. Jurassic Park (directed by Steven Spielberg) stated that T-Rex could reach speeds of up to 40km/h which is supported by real life research, though debated amongst experts.
The Velociraptor returns with its new design in Fallen Kingdom, although we're limited to just one this time in the form of Blue. She has a more prominent role in this film as pretty much the sole reason Owen (Chris Pratt) joins Claire's (Bryce Dallas Howard) rescue mission and later as the hero that once again defeats the hybrid reptilian monster.
Even though the basics are right: it had-- like all dromaeosaurs-- two long, curved claws, the Jurassic Park franchise's depiction of Velociraptors are known to be incorrect. Aside from the fact that they had feathers, in actuality, velociraptors were, like many species of dromaeosaur, much smaller at about 1.6ft in height. About the size of medium-sized dog. While the creature depicted on film is actually an amalgam of Velociraptor and Deinonychus (which was just slightly larger), it bears closer resemblance to Utahraptor, which was discovered after the release of Jurassic Park and reached heights of up to 5.5ft, the largest dromaeosaurid. Considering their appetite, teeth and claws, their size doesn't make them any less frightening.
When the rescue team finally reaches the ruins of the Jurassic World theme park, the first dinosaur they see is a massive Brachiosaurus. Aside from that one relatively peaceful scene, we see Brachiosaurus running from disasters or escaping from prisons. The film cleverly uses their whale-like call to evoke emotion, especially in an early powerful scene featuring a Brachiosaurus slowly being consumed by lava.
Brachiosaurus was a herbivorous sauropod that existed approximately 150 million years ago, one of the few dinosaurs in the Jurassic Park franchise that's actually from the Jurassic period. It was one quite a large sauropod (far from the largest) with a length spanning 85ft and a height of about 50ft (give or take a few depending on where it held its head). It is believed to have used its incredible height to eat from gingko trees, confers and cycads, among other things.
Instead of placing the beloved triceratops at the forefront, Fallen Kingdom introduces a different ceratopsian in the form of Sinoceratops, which first appears looming over an unconscious Owen, drooling all over him before fleeing from the oncoming lava. Several individual Sinoceratops appear throughout the film, fleeing from one thing or another or taking on a Carnotaurus.
Sinoceratops, as its name suggests, inhabited the area that is now modern day China, approximately 77 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous period. It possessed only one horn on its face with a frill lined with smaller horns, each curved toward the front. The creature measured 20ft in length and 6.6ft in height, including the height of its frill.
As lava consumes the control center on Isla Nublar where Claire and Franklin (Justice Smith) were working, a Baryonyx enters through an access tunnel. It comes close to maiming the two but they narrowly escape thanks to the lava dripping through the cracks in the ceiling.
"Baryonyx" means "heavy claw," which is in reference to the large claw it possessed on each of its first fingers. It's an interested species of therapod as there is evidence to support the fact that it ate fish (as well as larger dinosaurs such as Iguanadon) and was capable of manoeuvring through aquatic environments. It spanned approximately 30ft in length with a height of 8.5ft and existed during the early Cretaceous period, 130 million year ago.
As Owen, Claire and Franklin flee the volcanic eruption, they're beset by a hungry Carnotaurus. It seems to be approaching Owen, but is quickly shown to have its eye on a nearby Sinoceratops, which the massive predator then charges toward. After a brief struggle, the Sinoceratops escapes and the Carnotaurus turns its attention back to Owen. Before it can attack, it's caught between the powerful jaws of a T-Rex.
Carnotaurus existed during the Late Cretaceous period, approximately 70 million years ago and is the only known therapod to possess horns. Experts theorize that these horns were used to distribute force when Carnotaurus butted heads with another of its kind, similarly to modern day rams. It may have been slightly difficult to see in the film but Carnotaurus was considerably smaller than T-Rex with a length of 30ft and a height of about 14ft. The two were very distant relatives and that was evidenced in features such as their forearms, which were vestigial and even smaller than that of T-Rex.
Introduced in Fallen Kingdom, we see this relatively small therapod running alongside the gyrosphere as Claire and Franklin speed away from the volcano. That one presumably doesn't make it as it's struck by volcanic debris and presumably overtaken by ash, but we see another later on, escaping from the facility beneath the Lockwood estate.
Allosaurus existed during the Late Jurassic period, approximately 150 million years ago. It reached lengths of up to 28ft and heights of just 16ft. Evidence suggests that Allosaurus may have worked with others, though this is a topic of debate among experts, the reason being that fossil damage revealed that Allosaurus fed on large sauropods, which, if not scavenged, would have been difficult for an Allosaurus to take down without a pack.
Returning from Jurassic World, this dinosaur is seen among the stampede on Isla Nublar. We see several Ankylosaurus throughout the film, most of which perish beneath the cliffs of the island. Some are captured and auctioned off and some escape from the Lockwood estate at the end, free to roam and probably cause a fair amount of property damage with their tails.
This armored creature existed toward the end of the Cretaceous period, some 66 million years ago. It possessed a club-like tail which was likely used in combat against would-be predators, as we saw in Jurassic World, when one fought against the Indominus. Ankylosaurus was the largest of its kind, measuring roughly 20ft in length and almost 6ft in height.
Introduced by the cast and crew as the Stygimoloch, we see this dinosaur several times, but it's given special attention in one of Fallen Kingdom's more memorable scenes in which Owen and Claire are essentially rescued from their cage beneath the Lockwood estate by what we'll refer to (we'll explain why in a bit) as a young pachycephalosaurus that, later on, ends up terrorizing the cruel auction above.
Pachycephalosaurus was a herbivorous dinosaur generally believed to have used its hardened skull to butt heads with rivals. It existed during the Late Cretaceous period and was one of the last non-avian dinosaurs that existed before the KT-extinction. It spanned roughly 15ft in length and could reach heights of up to approximately 10ft. It was previously believed to have been the largest of the pachycephalosaurids but fossils belonging to dinosaurs formerly believed to be relatives-- stygimoloch and dracorex-- are now generally believed to have belonged to pachycephalosaurus in various stages of growth.
This hadrosaur (duck-billed dinosaur) has appeared in every film in the franchise so far, including this latest instalment. Parasaurolophus, with its recognizable crest, can be seen in several scenes, fleeing from volcanoes or predators or struggling to escape its enclosure.
Parasaurolophus was a herbivore that existed during the Late Cretaceous period, roughly 75 million years ago. There are several hypotheses regarding the function of the dinosaur's crest, ranging from sound amplification to use as a sort of snorkel. Very little is known about Parasaurolophus, but it is generally accepted that-- like other hadrosaurs-- it could walk on both four legs and two. Experts also generally postulate that the dinosaur travelled in herds, just like they do in Jurassic Park.
As we've seen it do in almost every Jurassic Park film, the Gallimimus appears in Fallen Kingdom running at breakneck speeds away from both predators and a major cataclysmic event. It too escapes at the end of the film and can be seen fleeing into the woods, free to race across the continent alongside other peaceful dinosaurs.
Gallimimus is believed to have been among the fastest dinosaurs. With its powerful legs, it is estimated to have reached speeds of up to 50km/p. Its large eyes also suggest that it was a nocturnal creature and experts believe that it's entirely possible that Gallimimus could have been an omnivorous creature, feeding on both plants and small animals. It grew to about 20ft in length and grew to about 6ft at the hip. It existed around 70 million years ago, during the Late Cretaceous period.
These little lizards have appeared before, famously feasting on a little girl on Isla Sorna in The Lost World: Jurassic Park (directed by Steven Spielberg). They return in Fallen Kingdom but are small enough in the film that you'd be forgiven for missing them completely. You might have caught a glimpse of one rushing past Franklin during the chaotic stampede on Isla Nublar and you may have seen it again during the final escape from the Lockwood estate.
Compsognathus, just as it is in the film, was tiny. It was estimated to have been about 3ft in length and just 10 inches tall at the hip. For a long time, it was thought to have been the smallest dinosaur, before the discovery of others such as Microraptor. Compsognathus was a carnivorous therapod that existed during the Late Jurassic period, 150 million years ago.
One of the smaller species of sauropod, Apatosaurus can be seen trying to escape Isla Nublar and the Lockwood estate. It's also fairly easy to spot it alongside its distant relative, the Brachiosaurus, when all the dinosaurs are bunched up together in the basement of the Lockwood estate.
Apatosaurus is the smallest of the three most well known sauropods (Apatosaurus, Diplodocus and Brachiosaurus), measuring up to 75ft in length and 30ft in height, including its outstretched neck. Like all sauropods it was a herbivore and did not chew its food. It existed during the Late Jurassic period, roughly 150 million years ago.
There's no way they would ever make a Jurassic Park movie without including this fan favorite. The Triceratops can be seen running through the stampede in Fallen Kingdom and struggling in its enclosure later on beneath the Lockwood estate.
There is a long-standing debate among experts in regards to whether or not Triceratops was its own species or if fossils currently assumed to be Triceratops actually belonged to juvenile Torosaurus, which was similar in build albeit slightly larger with fenestration in its frill. Assuming Triceratops actually existed, experts gather that it grew to lengths of up to 30ft and heights of up to 7.5ft. It is believed that Triceratops travelled in herds and often defended itself against predators such as Tyrannosaurus during the Late Cretaceous period, 68 million years ago.
Another highly recognizable dinosaur that appears in Fallen Kingdom is the Stegosaurus, the largest of its kind. It can be seen among the other herbivorous creatures, fleeing disaster on Isla Nublar and again at the Lockwood estate.
Stegosaurus is recognized for the 17 odd plates lining its back in two rows, often asymmetrically. These plates are thought to have played an important role in species recognition, thermoregulation and of course, as defensive structures, while the pointed spike that adorned its tail were likely used offensively. The largest of its plates, just above the hip, could reach lengths and widths of 2ft. The dinosaur itself reached lengths of up to 30ft with a height of approximately 14ft. Stegosaurus existed during the Late Jurassic period, 150 million years ago.
While not a dinosaur, Pteranodon also makes an appearance in Fallen Kingdom, eluding destruction, somehow getting captured anyway only to escape, thanks to Maisi, and attack one of Mills' hired goons before fleeing, afterwards flying all the way to the Eiffel tower with others. In Las Vegas. Not Paris.
Pteranodon is recognizable thanks to its large crest. Due to each crest varying greatly from individual to individual, it's widely believed to have played a large role in mating displays as opposed to anything else. Pteranodon was a large flying creature with a wingspan of up to 18ft an a length and when grounded, it would stand at approximately 6ft tall. It soared the skies during the Late Cretaceous period, between 80-90 million years ago.
Even though it's completely fictional and a monstrous combination of several different creatures, the Indoraptor is technically a dinosaur, and we said we'd include every single one in Fallen Kingdom. This terrifying experiment starts terrorizing Lockwood Manor after being released from its cage by Wheatley (Ted Levine). After chasing Owen, Claire and the others around, it's finally killed by Blue with the help of a skylight and a conveniently placed Triceratops skull.
Indoraptor was genetically engineered to be the perfect living weapon. It possessed sharpened senses; powerful, expandable jaws; long, flexible limbs and was laser guided. Genetical material from Indominus Rex was used to create it but it was much smaller and evidently possessed fewer physical capabilities. It never displayed the ability to camouflage itself, for example. Official guides reveal that the Indoraptor measured 23.95ft in length and 10.17ft in height. The Indoraptor existed in 2018, during Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom.
Directed by J.A. Bayona and written by Colin Trevorrow and Derek Connolly, Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom stars Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard and B.D. Wong, along with Toby Jones, Rafe Spall, Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda, Ted Levine, Geraldine Chaplin, James Cromwell and Jeff Goldblum. In theaters June 22.